CPSC 182: Intellectual Property in the Digital Age

Elizabeth Stark (elizabeth.stark@yale.edu)

Wed, 3:30-5:20, WLH 202

Please note: some readings may change as new issues in the field emerge over the course of the semester.

(1) Introduction: Dilemmas in the Digital Age – 1/14

John Tehranian, Infringement Nation, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1029151 (main text only)

Jane Ginsburg, How Copyright Got a Bad Name For Itself, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=342182 (main text only)

Screening: RIP: A Remix Manifesto (excerpts)

(2) Theories of Intellectual Property and Cyberspace – 1/21

John Perry Barlow, The Declaration of Independence of Cyberspace, http://homes.eff.org/~barlow/Declaration-Final.html

John Perry Barlow, The Economy of Ideas, http://homes.eff.org/~barlow/EconomyOfIdeas.html

Lawrence Lessig, Code 2.0, http://pdf.codev2.cc/Lessig-Codev2.pdf, 1-8, 31-61 (Chapters 1,3,4)

William Fisher, “Theories of Intellectual Property,” in Stephen Munzer, ed., New Essays in the Legal and Political Theory of Property (Cambridge University Press 2001), pp. 168-99, http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/people/tfisher/iptheory.pdf

(3) Copyright: Fair Use and Remix Culture – 2/4

17 USC § 107, http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.html

Michael Carroll, Fixing Fair Use, 85 N. Car. L. Rev. 1087 (2007),  http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=945194 1089-1130 (3-44 in PDF, skip footnotes)

Bridgeport v. Dimension, http://www.ca6.uscourts.gov/opinions.pdf/05a0243a-06.pdf, 2-11

Gasser and Ernst, From Shakespeare to Danger Mouse, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=909223, 3-18

Creative Commons: About choosing a license: http://creativecommons.org/about/licenses/ and FAQ: http://creativecommons.org/faq/

Watch one video from each category with an eye toward fair use: http://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/resources/publications/recut_reframe_recycle

Optional: Citizen Media Law Project, Primer on Copyright Liability and Fair Use, http://www.citmedialaw.org/blog/2008/primer-copyright-liability-and-fair-use

(4) Copyright: Duration, The Public Domain, and A2K – 2/11

James Boyle, The Public Domain, http://www.thepublicdomain.org/download/, 1-27

Eldred v. Ashcroft, http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/01-618.ZO.html (skip footnotes)

The Supreme Court Docket; The Coming of Copyright Perpetuity, The New York Times, Jan. 16, 2003, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E00E3D61131F935A25752C0A9659C8B63

Landes and Posner, Indefinitely Renewable Copyright, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=319321 (Read Abstract, 1-11, 41)

Jack Balkin, Golan v. Gonzales — How The First Amendment Limits Copyright Law, http://balkin.blogspot.com/2007/09/golan-v-gonzales-how-first-amendment.html

Jack Balkin, What is Access To Knowledge?, http://balkin.blogspot.com/2006/04/what-is-access-to-knowledge.html

Budapest Open Access Initiative, http://www.soros.org/openaccess/read.shtml

Optional: Yochai Benkler, The Idea of Access to Knowledge: Long Term Trends and Basic Elements

(5) Copyright: Gatekeeping - 2/18

Digital Millennium Copyright Act § 512, http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/512.html

Jonathan Zittrain, A History of Online Gatekeeping, http://jolt.law.harvard.edu/articles/pdf/v19/19HarvJLTech253.pdf, 253-257, 264-276 (1-5, 11-24 in PDF)

Viacom v. YouTube complaint, http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/ViacomYouTubeComplaint3-12-07.pdf

Corynne McSherry, Judge Rules That Content Owners Must Consider Fair Use Before Sending Takedowns, http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2008/08/judge-rules-content-owners-must-consider-fair-use-

YouTube Content ID, http://www.youtube.com/t/contentid and Video ID, http://www.youtube.com/t/video_id_about

Fred von Lohmann, YouTube’s January Fair Use Massacre, http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2009/01/youtubes-january-fair-use-massacre

Browse video takedowns with §512 in mind: http://youtomb.mit.edu

Choose two DMCA letters to read: http://www.chillingeffects.org

(6) Copyright: Secondary Liability, P2P, and Potential Solutions – 2/25

Sony v. Universal, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sony_Corp._of_America_v._Universal_City_Studios,_Inc..

MGM v. Grokster, 545 U.S. 913 (2005), http://w2.eff.org/IP/P2P/MGM_v_Grokster/04-480.pdf, 1-24 (6-29 in PDF)

Jonathan Zittrain, A History of Online Gatekeeping, http://jolt.law.harvard.edu/articles/pdf/v19/19HarvJLTech253.pdf, 276-294 (24-42 in PDF)

William Fisher, Promises to Keep, Chapter 6, http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/people/tfisher/PTKChapter6.pdf, 1-17

Jace Clayton, Defending the Pig: Oink Croaks, http://www.negrophonic.com/2007/defending-the-pig-oink-croaks/

Browse the Hype Machine: http://www.hypem.com

(7) Copyright: DRM and Anti-Circumvention – 3/4

Digital Millennium Copyright Act § 1201, http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/usc_sec_17_00001201—-000-.html (read (a), (b), (c), (d) only)

University City Studios v. Corley, http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=2nd&navby=docket&no=009185 (skip III. Constitutional Challenges Based on the First Amendment and associated subsections)

Cory Doctorow, Content, “Microsoft Research DRM Talk,” http://craphound.com/content/Cory_Doctorow_-_Content.pdf (3-26, 25-48 in PDF)

Steve Jobs, Thoughts on Music, http://www.apple.com/hotnews/thoughtsonmusic/

Brad Stone, Apple Drops Anticopying Measures in iTunes, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/07/technology/companies/07apple.html

Sun openDRM, http://www.openmediacommons.org/news/03212006-omcworkshop_press_release.html

Wikipedia, Digital Rights Management, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_rights_management

(8) Copyright: Free as in Software - 3/25

Yochai Benkler, The Wealth of Networks, http://www.benkler.org/Benkler_Wealth_Of_Networks.pdf (59-68, 46-47)

Eben Moglen, Anarchism Triumphant: Free Software and the Death of Copyright, First Monday (1999), http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/684/594

Richard Stallman, The GNU Manifesto, http://www.gnu.org/gnu/manifesto.html and Some Confusing or Loaded Words and Phrases that are Worth Avoiding, http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html

Brett Smith, A Quick Guide to GPLv3, http://www.gnu.org/licenses/quick-guide-gplv3.html

Definition of Free Cultural Works, http://freedomdefined.org/Definition

(9) Patents: Business Method and Software – 4/1

Merrill et al, A Patent System for the 21st Century, A Patent Primer, http://www.nap.edu/html/patentsystem/143-154.pdf

Eric Roberts, Amazon One-Click Shopping, http://www-cse.stanford.edu/classes/cs201/projects-99-00/software-patents/amazon.html

In:Re Bilski, http://www.cafc.uscourts.gov/opinions/07-1130.pdf (Majority Opinion 1-32, Rest optional)

Mike Masnick, Court Greatly Limits Software And Business Method Patents, Tech Dirt, http://techdirt.com/articles/20081030/1117172691.shtml

Bruce Perens, False Open Source Representative Calls for European Software Patents, May 5, 2003, http://perens.com/Articles/Taylor

NoSoftwarePatents.com, http://www.nosoftwarepatents.com/en/ (Browse generally, and read The Basics, The Dangers, and Linux and Open Source)

(10) Patents: BioTech – 4/8

Diamond v. Chakrabartry, 447 U.S. 303 (1980), http://laws.findlaw.com/us/447/303.html

Yochai Benkler, Commons-Based Strategies and the Problems of Patents, 305 Science 1110 (2004), http://www.benkler.org/Pub.html (Click through on link)

Arti Rai and James Boyle, Synthetic Biology: Caught Between Property Rights, the Public Domain, and the Commons, 5 PLoS Biology 389 (2007), http://biology.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371/journal.pbio.0050058

Bayh-Doyle Act, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bayh-Dole_Act

Arti Rai and Rebecca Eisenberg, Bayh-Dole Reform and the Progress of Biomedicine,  http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=348343

(11) Trademark: Brands and Names on the Internet – 4/15

ICANN, URDP Policy, http://www.icann.org/en/dndr/udrp/policy.htm

Lemley and Dogan, Trademarks and Consumer Search Costs on the Internet, http://www.houstonlawreview.org/archive/downloads/41-3_pdf/dogan.pdf (777-813, 831-838 / 1-37, 55-62 in PDF)

Stefanie Olsen, Google loses trademark dispute in France, News.com. http://news.cnet.com/Google-loses-trademark-dispute-in-France/2100-1030_3-5543827.html

Jacqui Cheng, Europe’s highest court to weigh in on Google AdWords case,  http://arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20080605-louis-vuitton-v-google-goes-to-europes-highest-court.html

Rescuecom v. Google, http://ipinthedigitalage.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/06-4881-cv_opn.pdf (1-15)

Declan McCullagh, Scrabble Maker Sues Hasbro Over Scrabulous, http://news.cnet.com/8301-1023_3-9998723-93.html

Caroline McCarthy, ‘Scrabulous’ disappears from Facebook after Hasbro suit, http://news.cnet.com/8301-13577_3-10001319-36.html

Steven Musil, Hasbro Drops Scrabulous Lawsuit, http://news.cnet.com/8301-1023_3-10123794-93.html

Optional: William Fisher, Overview of Trademark Law, http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/metaschool/fisher/domain/tm.htm

(12) Emerging Issues: Copyright Reform – 4/22

Pam Samuelson, Preliminary Thoughts on Copyright Reform, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1002676

Public Domain Enhancement Act, http://www.publicknowledge.org/issues/hr2601 (read full text)

PRO IP Act, http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=h110-4279&tab=summary

Project Presentations

(13) Emerging Issues: Patent Reform - Date TBA

Merrill et al, A Patent System for the 21st Century (National Academies 2004), http://www.nap.edu/html/patentsystem/ (Required: Executive Summary 1-8, Optional: Recommendations, 81-129)

Beth Noveck, Peer to Patent, http://jolt.law.harvard.edu/articles/pdf/v20/20HarvJLTech123.pdf

Browse http://www.peertopatent.org/

Project Presentations

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